Filière des huiles essentielles françaises de lavande et lavandin
An essential sector
For decades, lavender and lavandin have been emblematic and traditional Provencal productions. First harvested at the beginning of 20th century, and later cultivated, these lavenders offer a multitude of benefits.
Before developing the history of the production, the sector’s structure and the sector’s responsible approach, here is a brief reminder of the differences between lavender and lavandin and the principles of distillation, which make it possible to obtain essential oil.
Some varieties of popular lavender: Rapido, Carla
Some varieties of clonal lavender : Maillette and Matheronne
Characteristics: The colour of the plants varies from a blue-white to a deep blue. Each plant is genetically different from its neighbour. Fine lavender grows naturally in dry Mediterranean mountain areas. It is cultivated between 600 m and 1 400 m. It can be picked.
Products: 70 tonnes of essential oil per year, flowers and bouquets.
Yield: 1 hectare of lavender produces approximately 15 kg of essential oil for a popular lavender and around 40 kg for clonal lavender.
Uses: fine perfumery, pharmacy, cosmetics and aromatherapy.
Official sign of quality: AOP essential oil of lavender of Haute-Provence (guarantee of origin and quality.
Common name: Lavandin.
Varieties: grosso, sumian, abrial and super.
Characteristics: In a field of lavandin, each plant is identical to its neighbour because it has been multiplied by cutting, which gives an impression of regular blue waves when it is in bloom. Lavandin is particular vigorous natural hybrid, a cross (pollinized by bees) between fine lavender and spike lavender. Lavandin is grown between 200 m and 700 m and up to 1 000 m.
Products: Approximately 1 000 tonnes of essential oil per year, flowers and bouquets.
Yield 1 hectare of lavandin produces around 100 kg of essential oil.
Uses : soaps, washing powders, perfumes and home fragrances.
the participation of
Les Quintrands - Route de Volx 04100 Manosque, France
Tél. : +334 92 87 38 09
Réalisation : Stratis
Comité Interprofessionnel des Huiles Essentielles Françaises
Les Quintrands - Route de Volx 04100 Manosque
Tél. : 04 92 87 38 09